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GUION S. BLUFORD Jr., Colonel, USAF, is a mission specialist. Born Nov. 22, 1942, in Philadelphia, he was selected as an astronaut in 1978. He was a mission specialist on STS-8, the first Shuttle night launch and landing.

Bluford received a bachelor of science in aerospace engineering from Pennsylvania State University; a master of science, with distinction, in aerospace engineering from the Air Force Institute of Technology in 1974; and doctor of philosophy in aerospace engineering with a minor in laser physics from the Air Force Institute of Technology.

Bluford flew 144 combat missions, 65 over North Vietnam. He was a staff development engineer at the Air Force Flight Dynamics Laboratory, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, and served as deputy for advanced concepts in the aeromechanics division and as branch chief oft the aerodynamics and airframe branch. He has logged more than 3,500 hours in jets, including 1,300 as a T-38 instructor pilot.

ERNST MESSERSCHMID is a payload specialist. He was born May 21, 1945, in Reutlingen, Germany.

He studied physics at the Universities of Tubingen and Bonn; received fellowships for Studientstiftung des deutschen Volkes at CERN; and received a diploma and doctor or philosophy degree in physics.

Messerschmid has done experimental and theoretical work on proton beams in accelerators and plasmas as a visiting scientist and fellow at CERN, Geneva; and was a lecturer and research associate at Freiburg University and Brookhaven National Laboratory, NY, where he invented adiabatic phase displacement acceleration. He designed beam optics for PETRAS electron storage rings at DESY (Hamburg), and conducted research on space-borne communications at the Institute of Communications Technology, Oberpfaffenhofen.

REINHARD FURRER, a payload specialist, was born Nov. 25, 1940 in Worgl, Germany.

He studied physics at the Universities of Kiel and Berlin, and received a diploma and doctor of philosophy in physics.

Furrer has been an assistant professor of physics and a visiting scientist at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory. He has done practical research in atomic physics, solid state physics, chemical physics and photophysics and biophysics. He has taught experimental physics and supervised undergraduate and graduate students, and presented a public lecture series, “the Arthur Compton Lectures” at the University of Chicago.

WUBBO J. OCKELS is a payload specialist. He was born March 28, 1946, in Almelo, the Netherlands.

He received a doctor of Philosophy in physics and mathematics from the University of Groningen and completed a thesis on experimental work at the Nuclear Physics Accelerator Institute in Groningen.

Ockels performed experimental investigations at the Nuclear Physics Accelerator Institute in Groningen. He was selected by the European Space Agency (ESA) as one of three European payload specialists.

Edited by Richard W. Orloff, 01/2001/Page 28

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