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CENTRAL AFRICAN HUNTER-GATHERER RESEARCH TRADITIONS - page 24 / 43

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al. 1992).  

Anthropological research can help rain forest populations address ecological challenges in many ways.  One is to integrate aspects of conservation into general ethnographic research (e.g., Hattori 2005).  Another is to accurately detail the sustainability of different hunting practices in specific contexts (Hart 2000; Noss 2000; Yasuoka 2006a), the impact of commercial bushmeat markets on local prey populations (Wilkie 2001; Wilkie and Carpenter 1999), and the effects of forest product commoditization on forager life (Kitanishi 2006).  Ongoing research in these areas will help reconcile the conservation of forest species with the needs of forest foragers.  But documentation of hunting techniques and prey densities alone is not enough.  If foragers are to be active participants in conservation efforts and sustainable practices, anthropologists must better understand sociocultural perceptions of the forest environment and the role that the forest people envision for themselves.  Do they share the same environmental values as foreign conservationists?  What is the cosmological significance of forest life, and how do foragers interpret international development, conservation, and sustainability?  Anthropologists have begun to explore forager perspectives on these contemporary issues.  Kenrick (2001, 2002) and Lewis (2001, 2005) have been particularly knowledgeable and vocal advocates for indigenous rights in conjunction with conservation efforts.  Continued work along these lines is needed to lend relevant meaning to ecological data

Critique and future research

Ecological and evolutionary bias

In the nearly half-century since the publication of Turnbull’s (1961) influential ethnography, The Forest People, the “Forest” of his title has received almost as much attention from

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