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CENTRAL AFRICAN HUNTER-GATHERER RESEARCH TRADITIONS - page 28 / 43

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but do not have any studies (e.g., Bolimba and Mbati foragers of the Central African Republic) and we are reasonably sure other groups exist, especially in other parts of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, and Angola, but have not been identified or described. Studies have not come out of the Democratic Republic of the Congo and the Ituri since the early 1990s due to political instability, but it now appears possible to conduct research in these areas.

This chapter aimed to provide an introduction to Congo Basin forager research traditions and how these traditions influence how hunter-gatherers in this region of the world are represented. French, American, British and Japanese research traditions were examined and critiqued. Research has emphasized forest forager subsistence patterns and human-nature relations. Considerable research is needed in the region and several research opportunities exist to conduct studies with active hunter-gatherers.

References cited

Arom, S. 1991. African polyphony and polyrhythm. Musical structure and methodology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Aunger, R. V. 1992. The nutritional consequences of rejecting food in the Ituri Forest of Zaire. Human Ecology 20, 263-291.

Bahuchet, S. 1972. Etude ecologique d’un campement de pygmees BaBinga (Region de la Lobaye, Republique Centrafricaine). Journal d’Agriculture Tropicale et de Botanique Appliquee 19, 509-559.

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