Bailey, R. C., and DeVore, I. 1989. Studies of Efe pygmies and Lese horticulturalists in the Ituri Forest, Zaire. American Journal of Physical Anthropology 78, 459-471.
Bailey, R. C., and Headland, T. N. 1991. The tropical rain forest: is it a productive environment for human foragers? Human Ecology 19, 261-285.
Bailey, R. C., and Peacock, N. R. 1988. Efe pygmies of northeast Zaire: subsistence strategies in the Ituri Forest. In I. de Garine and G. A. Harrison (eds.), Coping with uncertainty in food supply, 88-117. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Bailey, R. C., Head, G., Jenike, M., Owen, B., Rechtman, R., and Zechenter, E. 1989. Hunting and gathering in tropical rain forest: is it possible? American Anthropologist 91, 59-82.
Barham, L. S., and Mitchell, P. 2008. The first Africans: African archaeology from the earliest toolmakers to most recent foragers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Batini, C., Coia, V., Battaggia, C., Rocha, J., Pilkington, M. M., Spedini, G., Comas, D., Destro-Bisol, G., and Calafell, F. 2007. Phylogeography of the human mitochondrial L1c haplogroup: genetic signatures of the prehistory of central Africa. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 43, 635-644.
Becker, N. S. A., Verdu, P., Hewlett, B., and Pavard, S. 2010. Can life history trade-offs explain the evolution of short stature in human pygmies: a response to Migliano and colleagues. Human Biology 82, 17-27.
Cavalli-Sforza, L.L. 1986. African pygmies. NY: Academic Press
Curran, B. K., and Tshombe R. K. 2001. Integrating local communities into the management of protected areas: lessons from the DR Congo and Cameroon. In W. Weber, L. J. T. White, A. Vedder, and L. Naughton-Treves (eds.), African rain forest ecology and conservation: an interdisciplinary perspective, 513-534. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Diamond, J. 1991. Why are pygmies small? Nature 354, 111-112.