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               Securities and Exchange Board of India

global basis and not just within India.  

There is also the  need for identifying and increasing the domestic pool of funds for venture capital investment.  In US, apart from high net worth individuals and angel investors, pension funds, insurance funds, mutual funds etc provide a very big source of money.  The share of corporate funding is also increasing and it was as high as 25.9% in the year 1998 as compared to 2% in 1995.  Corporations are also setting up their own venture capital funds.  Similar  avenues need to be identified in India also.

With increasing global integration and mobility of capital it is important that Indian venture capital firms as well as venture financed enterprises be able to have opportunities for investment abroad.  This would not only enhance their ability to generate better returns but also add to their experience and expertise to function successfully in a global environment.  We need our enterprises to become global and create their own success stories.  Therefore, automatic, transparent and flexible norms need to be created for such investments by domestic firms and enterprises.

Venture capital should become an institutionalized industry financed and managed by successful entrepreneurs, professional  and sophisticated investors.  Globally, venture capitalist are not merely finance providers but are also closely involved with the investee enterprises and provide expertise by way of management and marketing support.  This industry has developed its own ethos and culture. Venture capital has only one common aspect that cuts across geography i.e. it is risk capital invested by experts in the field.  It is important that venture capital in India  be allowed to develop via professional and institutional management.

Infrastructure development also needs to be prioritized using government support and private management.  This involves creation of technology as well as knowledge incubators  for supporting  innovation and ideas. R &D also needs  to be promoted by government as well as other organisations.

The recommendation of the Committee are discussed and enumerated in the paragraphs hereafter.

Report of K B Chandrasekhar Committee on Venture Capital17

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