Columbia’s CCP: A Case Study
CCP Planning and Organization
Columbia, South Carolina, was one of sixteen sites invited by the Bureau of Justice Assistance to apply for both planning and implementation funding to develop and implement a comprehensive strategy to combat crime. As stated in BJA’s Fact Sheet on the Comprehensive Communities Program, “(t)he two defining principles of the CCP are (1) that communities must take a leader- ship role in developing partnerships to combat crime and violence, and (2) that State and local jurisdictions must establish truly coordinated and multi- disciplinary approaches to address crime and violence-related problems, as well as the conditions which foster them.”2 Each site was mandated to in- clude jurisdiction-wide community policing and community mobilization pre- vention initiatives in their strategy. In addition, sites were asked to create programming, based on the area’s needs, in the areas of youth and gangs, community prosecution and diversion, drug courts with diversion to treat- ment, and community-based alternatives to incarceration.
The Comprehensive Communities Program was implemented in two phases. Under Phase I, the invited jurisdictions submitted an application for ap- proximately $50,000 of planning funds to support the design and develop- ment of a comprehensive strategy. All proposals for Phase I funding were due April 29, 1994. Most of the sites were notified within a month that they were awarded funding for Phase I. During this planning phase, technical as- sistance in the form of workshops and meetings were offered to the sites. During July, 1994, representatives from each site were mandated to attend a two-day Phase II (Implementation Phase) Application Development Work- shop. All Phase II applications were due to BJA on August 15, 1994.
Although Columbia’s official start date was October, 1994, it did not receive the Great Adjustment Notice that allowed the city to begin expending its funds until a year later in October, 1995. Its end date has been extended to September, 1997, and city officials are currently preparing a proposal for sec- ond year funding.
2 Bureau of Justice Assistance, Fact Sheet Comprehensive Communities Program, U.S. De-
partment of Justice, 1994.
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