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Columbia’s CCP: A Case Study

CCP Administrative Structure

The CCP project is directly managed through the City of Columbia’s Plan- ning Department. The “chain of command” goes up from Marshell Johnson (Grants Coordinator, Community Services Department), to Chip Land (Plan- ning Director, City of Columbia), to Leona Plaugh (Assistant City Manager), to Hadley Miles (City Manager), to Mayor Bob Coble. This lineup functioned well in Columbia, with Johnson, Land, and Plaugh being the central day-to- day players. Other key players include Sergeant E. T. Young (Coordinator of Community Policing for the Columbia Police Department), Richard Semon (Director, Community Development), Roland Smallwood (Community Liai- son, Community Development), and Eric Cassell (Community Development).

Several observable community strengths bode well for Columbia’s plans. First, the chief of the Columbia Police Department (CPD), Charles Austin, is highly regarded throughout the community, enjoying considerable local po- litical, social, and media support for his vision for the direction of the CPD. To say that he is profoundly respected in Columbia would not be too strong a term. Second, Columbia’s neighborhoods are well-organized both internally and among themselves, through the Columbia Council of Neighborhoods (CCN), which is itself a potent coordinating vehicle for advocating neighbor-

hood interests.

Third,

presence

in

Columbia’s

churches inner city

have areas

maintained, indeed and are playing an

expanded, active role

their in its

reconstruction. Fourth, the agencies—especially among ments—is impressive. Not

level of coordination and cooperation among city police, housing, planning, and school depart- only do these agencies seem to be bound by a

common purpose, but the key players in each agency also appear respect each other. Finally, the city’s size seems to make many lems manageable, especially in light of the above.

to of

like and its prob-

Although

administered

by

the

Planning

Department,

the

Columbia

Police

Department is the cornerstone agency of the CCP community policing is the single largest “chunk” of

effort. Implementing the program, and the

community mobilization effort is being spearheaded by three sworn police of-

ficers.

CCP Strategy

Guided by three overarching values—building partnerships, people helping people, and community organizing—Columbia’s original CCP proposal em- phasized building on existing programs rather than implementing new ones. It included:

  • Community Policing

  • Alternatives to Incarceration

BOTEC ANALYSIS CORPORATION

13

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