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1985

1986

1987

1988

1989

1990

1991

1992

1993

1994

1995

Population

100,024

100,959

94,320

97,609

95,982

98,052

99,990

, 99 990

, 99 929

100,504

104,457

Raw

12

11

15

8

12

22

25

15

22

19

9

per 100,000

12.00

10.90

15.90

8.20

12.50

22.44

25.00

15.00

22.02

18.90

8.62

Raw

67

101

77

85

84

103

119

105

94

116

89

per 100,000

66.98

100.04

81.64

87.08

87.52

105.05

119.01

105.01

94.07

115.42

85.20

Raw

389

446

396

448

444

518

687

596

666

571

677

per 100,000

388.91

441.76

419.85

458.97

462.59

528.29

687.07

596.06

666.47

568.14

648.11

Raw

931

956

990

1197

1357

1318

1202

1170

1422

1360

1401

per 100,000

930.78

946.92

1049.62

1226.32

1413.81

1344.18

1202.12

1170.12

1423.01

1353.18

1341.22

Raw

2226

2668

2684

2793

2025

1967

2145

1610

2090

1849

2256

per 100,000

2225.47

2642.66

2845.63

2861.42

2109.77

2006.08

2145.21

1610.16

2091.48

1839.73

2159.74

Raw

6016

7418

6988

7887

7110

7563

7912

6829

7316

7581

7559

per 100,000

6014.56

7347.54

7408.82

8080.20

7407.64

7713.25

7912.79

6829.68

7321.20

7542.98

7236.47

Raw

519

568

669

990

1093

1154

1073

816

753

660

841

per 100,000

518.88

562.60

709.29

1014.25

1138.76

1176.93

1073.11

816.08

753.54

656.69

805.12

Columbia’s CCP: A Case Study

Crime Problem According to Columbia’s CCP proposal, the crime problem was serious and

escalating when the first draft was submitted.

In 1993, using 1984 as a

baseline, Part I index crimes were up by 20 percent, index violent crimes by 60 percent, murder by 35 percent, rape by 62 percent, robberies by 49 per- cent, aggravated assault by 60 percent, property crime rates by 14 percent, larceny by twelve percent, and motor vehicle theft by 59 percent. Burglary rates dropped during the same period by five percent. Between 1989 and 1993, arrest of juveniles per year increased from 475 to 1,091, or 130 percent. Violence within the family was also a serious problem. Two thousand and eight acts of inter-family violence were reported in 1993—58 percent were spouse against spouse, ten percent were parent/guardian against children, and eleven percent were among siblings.

Table I presents reported crime data during the period 1985-1995. Violent crimes peaked during the early 1990s: aggravated assault in 1990 and mur- der, rape and robberies in 1991. Burglary rates have fluctuated with no clear pattern. Larceny-theft peaked in 1988 and motor vehicle theft in 1990.

Murder*

Forcible Rape

Robbery

Aggravated Assault

Burglary

Larceny-Theft

Motor Vehicle Theft

*Murder includes non-negligent manslaughter

Columbia Police Department

The Columbia Police Department, which currently has a total of some 375 staff members, has been nationally recognized as an innovative police agency. In fact, one of its innovations—the Police Homeowner’s Loan Pro- gram—was awarded the prestigious Harvard/Ford Foundation State and Lo- cal Government Award in 1993. Started in 1990, the city offered police offi- cers a four percent, 20-year loan that covers both the cost of the house and refurbishing it. This program met several needs. First, it encourages police officers to live in cities and share community life. Second, it provides an op- portunity to reclaim and refurbish basically solid urban housing stock.

Unified Crime Report Data

Columbia

Crime

BOTEC Analysis Corporation

3

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