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and particularly, the commercial districts of Dagupan, Lingayen, Binmaley and Mangaldan. After World War II, Pangasinan had been divided into three geographic units: western, central, and eastern. Recent geopolitical subdivisions of the province created six congressional districts.

In the 1999 unpublished dissertation of Prospero de Vera III, he said that contemporary Pangasinan is the 3rd most populated province in the country with an average household size of 5.24 individuals per family and is classified as a 1st class province in Luzon. He noted that recent political climate favored eastern section of the province in terms of infrastructure projects such as the San Roque dam, Asingan-Sta. Maria bridge, and the San Nicolas-Sta. Fe, Umingan-San Jose road networks. While sleepy western towns were less developed than the hegemonic central plains because of their historical isolation, eastern municipalities were able to recuperate from being underdeveloped because of their road connection to northern Baguio and southern Manila. As trade routes, eastern section cannot be inevitably ignored by progress and urbanization.

Coastal Dagupan was part of the original Panag-asinan. In post-World War 2 however, Dagupan’s saltbeds have been converted into fishponds. Dagupan’s famed bangus was born. How did this happen? The great flood of 1935 which inundated the agricultural fields in the central plains which also swept away the Colegio de San Alberto Magno in Calmay necessitated the construction of the dike which diverted the major flow of the Agno river from Dagupan, Binmaley, Calasiao and San Carlos to western areas such as Labrador and Sual. With the construction of the dike, the natural landscape has been altered and what used to be once the whiplashing Agno river delta (Dagupan-Binmaley-Lingayen) are now tributaries of the Agno, if not ubiquitous fishponds of Binmaley up to Dagupan. Calmay district however remains as the confluence of 2 major river systems: Agno and the Bued-Angalacan. This explains not only the vulnerability of the Colegio de San Alberto against floods but the brackish water that farms the delicious Dagupan bangus almost to perfection. With freshwater that is low in salinity, Dagupan is no longer a place suitable for saltmaking,but for bangus farming. And because this has become a more lucrative business than saltmaking, Dagupan is slowly ceasing to be a place for panag-aasinan but rather panag-babangusan.

To date, Dagupan city is part of the congressional district of again but now embattled House Speaker Jose de Venecia. It also forms part of the so-called CAMADA (Calasiao, Mangaldan, Dagupan) or those comprising district 4, considered to be the hub of rapid urban growth. According to the 1995 Mid-Decade Goals Reports for Provinces, Cities and Municipalities prepared by UNICEF, Dagupan city has successfully met all its targets for child welfare such as education, nutrition and sanitation, health (i.e. full immunization for children and women) except for salt iodization. A big irony for a salt-rich province. Dagupan’s rapid urbanization has caused some environmental problems though such as lack of housing, potable water, waste disposal and traffic. These sociological headaches are also being felt by peripheral communities as far as Villasis and the newly citified Urdaneta.

Princess Urduja and the Kingdom of Tawalisi

It actually all started with the debate on the location of the Kingdom of Tawalisi in the 19th century. No less than our national hero Jose Rizal constructed his own theory

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