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The Vikings in America and Greenland - page 13 / 19

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The Glacier Girl flies again—photograph of the Glacier Girl in flight after restoration.

[http://www.damninteresting.net/content/glacier_girl2.jpg]

The Northwest Passage

The Northwest Passage is a sea route through the Arctic Ocean, along the northern coast of North America, by way of waterways amidst the Canadian Arctic islands connecting the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The series of Arctic waterways are collectively known as the Northwest Passage. Before the Little Ice Age, Norwegian Vikings sailed at least as far north and west as Ellesmere Island, Skraeling Island and Ruin Island for hunting expeditions and trading with the Inuit groups who lived in the region.

On August 21, 2007, the Northwest Passage became open to ships once again for a short time and again on August 25, 2008. During the Viking era, the passage was likely open during the summer months at least. Some scholars believe that the Vikings used the passage to sail to Siberia and Russia and for sailing down the West coast of North America. No agreement among historians exists on this matter, however.

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