The Viking visits to Newfoundland are accepted as historical fact because in the early 1960s, archaeologists Helge Ingstad and his wife Anne Stine Ingstad discovered an undisputably Viking settlement in Newfoundland and named the site "L'Anse aux Meadows," or Meadow Cove. The site contained evidence of three longhouses and five smaller buildings, what may have been a charcoal kiln and the remains of a rudimentary blacksmith shop. Hundreds of eleventh century Norse artifacts were unearthed including a soapstone spindle whorl and a bronze-ringed pin process, as well as other numerous iron, bronze, stone, and bone items.
L'Anse aux Meadows is now owned and managed by Parks Canada. It was declared a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1978, and Parks Canada reconstructed some of the sod and timber buildings and maintains the site as shown in the following photograph.
Reconstructed Viking colony at L'Anse-aux-Meadows, Newfoundland
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