to the superintendent in draft form. If the superintendent or his/her designee(s) does not provide evidence that the audit text is inaccurate, or provides documentation that indicates there are
omissions or otherwise factual or content errors, the audit is assumed to be triangulated.
superintendent’s review is not only a second source of triangulation, but is considered summative triangulation of the entirety of audit.
The Principle of Consistency
All CMAC-certified Curriculum Management Auditors have used the same standards and basic methods since the initial audit was conducted by Dr. Fenwick English many years ago. Audits are not normative in the sense that one school system is compared to another. School systems, as the units of analysis, are compared to a set of standards and positive/negative discrepancies cited.
The Principle of Materiality
CMAC-certified auditors have broad implied and discretionary power to focus on and select those findings which they consider most important to describing how the curriculum management system is functioning in a school district, and how that system must improve, expand, delete, or re-configure various functions in order to attain an optimum level of performance.
The Principle of Full Disclosure
Auditors must reveal all relevant information to the users of the audit, except in cases where such disclosure would compromise the identity of employees or patrons of the system. Confidentiality is respected in audit interviews.
In reporting data derived from site interviews, some descriptive terms are used which lack a precise quantifiable definition. For example:
“Some school principals said that...” “Many teachers expressed concern that…” “There was widespread comment about...”
The basis for these terms is the number of persons in a group or class of persons who were interviewed, as opposed to the total potential number of persons in a category. This is a particularly salient point when not all persons within a category are interviewed. “Many teachers said that...,” represents only those interviewed by the auditors, or who may have responded to a survey, and not “many” of the total group whose views were not sampled, and therefore could not be disclosed during an audit.
In general these quantifications may be applied to the principle of full disclosure:
General Quantification Range
Some ... or
a few ...
Less than a majority of the group interviewed and less than 30 percent.
Less than a majority, more than 30 percent of a group or class of people interviewed.
More than 50 percent, less than 75 percent.
Most ... or widespread Nearly all ...
75-89 percent of a group or class of persons interviewed.
90-99 percent of those interviewed in a specific class or group of persons.
All or everyone ...
100 percent of all persons interviewed within a similar group, job, or class.
Clover Park School District Audit Report Page 8