In addition to incorporating the recommendations outlined in the Guiding Principles and the Employers section into their responses to domestic violence, and being mindful of the potential need for individualized responses based on factors such as socio-economic status, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, age, religious affiliation, physical and mental disabilities, immigration status, and urban vs. rural residency, educational institutions should also integrate the following recommendations specific to the education system.
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PRIMARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION SYSTEMS
a.Schools should create a domestic violence response team made up of school personnel with specialized training in conducting in-depth assessments, safety planning, making appropriate community referrals, and facilitating linkages with appropriate services. Alternatively, a school could train existing student support services, family wellness centers, and/or child abuse or crisis teams to fulfill these functions.
Response teams can consist of personnel from all levels of the school community, including teachers, administrators, guidance counselors, school nurses, and staff psychologists, as well as local domestic violence service providers. These teams should coordinate with any already existing child abuse or crisis teams, or can be integrated into any existing child abuse or crisis teams. Participants on the team should be screened to ensure their appropriateness for participation.
Response team members should routinely inform students of the limitations to confidentiality as part of conducting assessments and making appropriate referrals. Where referral resources are inadequate to meet the identified needs, the response team should advocate within the school, the school district, and the community for the development of services to meet the needs.
In addition, response team members should be prepared to advise student victims of their legal rights and collaborate with the student in developing safety plans. Such plans could include appropriate notification to the students' other teachers and parental notification. Response team members should also be prepared to intervene with student abusers and to develop strategies for reinforcing accountability.
Duties of the team should also include conducting active education and outreach efforts to reach students who may be affected by domestic violence and/or teen dating violence.
b.School personnel should be prepared to respond appropriately