pose serious, foreseeable, and imminent risk to self or others.
An empowerment model is the preferred framework for interventions with victims of domestic violence. Battered women are adults who are making difficult choices in difficult circumstances. Victims themselves are most often in the best position to accurately evaluate the impact of various options on their safety. Further, every victim must make decisions that she can live with. For example, for some victims, divorce is unacceptable; for non-English speaking victims, moving to a new community or a shelter where no one speaks their language or understands their culture may not be an option.
In addition, victims of domestic violence are victims of their partners' coercive control. One of the goals of intervention is to restore the victim's control over her own life. It is important, therefore, not to make decisions for her or to make personal judgments about her actions. Supporting a victim's decisions, however, does not relieve a provider of the professional responsibility to share information, including professional judgments about a particular decision or course of action being considered or chosen by the victim. Supporting a victim's right to make her own decisions, and offering a professional opinion about such decisions, are not necessarily incompatible actions.
In cases in which a victim's actions pose serious, foreseeable, and imminent risk to self or others, a provider may be legally bound to limit the victim's right to self-determination. For example, in cases of imminent risk of suicide, homicide, or child abuse, a provider may be legally required to act with or without the victim's consent, by notifying the police, making a report to the State Central Registry regarding child abuse, etc. In cases in which providers are not legally required to act, they may, in fact, have a legal obligation to uphold the victim's right to confidentiality.
c.Adult Protective Services should be notified in cases in which victims are physically or mentally impaired to the extent that they are unable to make