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of household is the sole perpetrator of abuse. (15) Furthermore, there is a significant overlap between men who abuse their female partners and men who perpetrate child sexual abuse, with girls being 5-6 times more likely to be sexually abused by domestically violent fathers than by non-battering fathers. (16)

Responding effectively to cases in which there is an adult victim and child victim(s) requires parallel responses that protect children and that provide safety-related assistance to their mothers. It has been demonstrated that strategies designed to help battered mothers get safe are effective strategies for protecting the safety interests of children. Providing safety-related assistance to a battered mother strengthens her ability to provide for the safety needs of her children and should, therefore, be an integral part of interventions designed to protect children in homes in which there is adult domestic violence.

k.Providers should be prepared to respond to the particular needs of victims with regard to factors such as socio-economic status, race, ethnicity, sexual orientation, age, religious affiliation, physical and mental disabilities, immigrant status, education, employment status, urban vs. rural residency, and marital status.

While it is not feasible for providers to have a comprehensive understanding of the social, cultural, ethnic, or religious affiliation of every victim with whom they have contact, it is essential that they be prepared to acknowledge, legitimize, and accept the ways in which these factors may influence an individual victim's behavior and choices. (See  Problem Statement, Diversity of Victims' Experiences.)

For example, the forced imprisonment of Japanese and other Asian civilians in wartime internment camps might be relevant to a particular Asian victim's distrust of "the system." For immigrant women from countries operated under military rule or an authoritarian  regime, an understandable fear of law enforcement and "state-run" systems may be a substantial barrier to intervention. Even for many U.S.-born women of color, experiences with institutionalized racism may cause them to be wary of involving "the system." Similarly,

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