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communications and security technologies.

This may involve "panic button" alarm systems, cellular telephones, other home security systems, and electronic monitoring of offenders. The limitations of these devices must be explained to the victim, both verbally and in writing, and the use of such devices should never be used as an alternative to incarceration or probation supervision.

l.Criminal justice agencies, courts, probation and other community corrections agencies should develop mechanisms for effective case tracking and the timely sharing of information.

Effective sharing of information regarding an abuser's prior history of domestic violence, and his level of compliance with court orders, is crucial to making adequate charging decisions, pretrial release determinations (including bail or release on recognizance), pre-sentencing reports, and investigation/prosecution of probation and parole violations. This kind of communication is necessary in order for courts to make appropriate decisions about mandating educational programs, treatment, and services. Systems should also be developed to record and locally track protective orders issued under CPL 530.13, which are not currently required to be carried on the Statewide Registry of Orders of Protection.

m.In Family Court and Matrimonial proceedings, legal professionals, courts, and court personnel should routinely screen for domestic violence and take appropriate steps to enhance victim safety, including separation of witnesses and provision of security escorts, if requested.

The court does not compromise its impartiality in any given case by being fully alert to the prevalence, dynamics, and effects of domestic violence. Training on the dynamics of domestic violence and relevant law should be ongoing, and practitioners should be aware of the safety concerns that may arise when victims seek an order of protection, separation agreement, divorce, support, or terms of custody and visitation. Court assigned law guardians and attorneys should be required to receive this training as a condition of appointment. Courts should also consider requiring supervised visitation where there is evidence of domestic violence. The victim herself should never be appointed as the visitation supervisor, nor should the abuser's friends or family members serve in this role, except in rare circumstances such as  in rural communities, where no alternative exists. Additionally, any costs related to supervised visitation should be borne by the abuser-the one whose behavior has created the need for the additional protection.

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