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which they have a personal relationship with any of the parties involved, which is a particular issue in smaller, rural communities.

c.All judges and court staff, legal practitioners, criminal justice agency staff, probation officers, and community corrections professionals should receive training in the dynamics and prevalence of domestic violence, in relevant provisions of state and federal law and regulations, in the organization's domestic violence policy/protocol, and in job-specific responsibilities. Training should also be provided to develop basic skills in identifying and documenting cases, conducting risk and danger assessments, basic safety planning, and intervention strategies.

Specialized in-service training and legal updates should be provided on a regular basis; similar material should be included in orientation programs for all new staff. Wherever possible, training should be multi-disciplinary and opportunities should be created for cross-training between contingent systems (i.e., detectives and prosecutors; juvenile officers, law guardians, and child welfare staff). Training plans and programs should be developed in consultation with, and include the active participation of, local domestic violence service providers.

d.In domestic violence-related cases, courts should limit the appointment of assigned counsel and law guardians to those attorneys who can demonstrate, to the court's satisfaction, that they have received adequate domestic violence training.

For law guardians, this training should include the prevalence and dynamics of domestic violence, relevant provisions of state and federal law, the effects of domestic violence on child witnesses, and the relationship between witnessing domestic violence and subsequent juvenile delinquency or crime. Counties should develop a mechanism for providing well-trained attorneys for victims of domestic violence in Family Court at the onset of the proceeding, such as through an agreement  with a local law school or legal clinic.

e.All criminal justice, community corrections, and legal system professionals should be adequately supervised and held accountable for their participation in implementing their organization's domestic violence policy/protocol.

Mechanisms should be developed to identify, counsel, discipline or otherwise hold accountable staff whose conduct is inconsistent with organizational policy/protocols and

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