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c.If a court orders an abuser into substance abuse treatment as a response to the individual's violent and controlling behavior in an intimate relationship, the substance abuse treatment provider should respectfully refer the case back to the court with a recommendation for the imposition of appropriate criminal or civil justice sanctions.

Perpetration of violence and coercion in an intimate relationship is not a result of chemical dependency. Substance abuse treatment providers can best support the goal of abuser accountability by refusing to accept cases in which abusers are court-ordered into substance abuse treatment as a response to their violent and controlling behavior.

If a provider has conducted an assessment on such a client  and determines that the client is indeed chemically dependent, such information can be provided back to the court. The provider should be clear, however, that chemical dependency treatment is not an appropriate response to the violence, even though it is a concurrent problem for the abuser.

The appropriate response of the courts in dealing with abusers is to impose sentences of incarceration, probation, restitution, or fine, or some combination of these. Where available, mandated participation in a Batterers Intervention Program may be part of a coordinated sentence. Abusers should neither be referred to nor mandated to dispute mediation, mental health services, or substance abuse treatment as a response to the domestic violence. Providers in all of these systems should be referring the cases back to the court for appropriate adjudication.

d.When a client is mandated into substance abuse treatment in response to a non-domestic violence-related offense, and subsequently identified as an abuser who is not on probation or parole for a domestic violence-related offense and/or does not have a current order of protection issued against him, substance abuse treatment providers should alert the court, parole or probation officer that domestic violence has been identified as a potential relapse issue and request that the court, parole or probation officer, when within their appropriate authority, impose sanctions related to the domestic violence.

An abuser's success in substance abuse recovery may be related, at least in part, to his decision to stop his violent and coercive patterns of behavior in his intimate relationship. For example, some abusers rely so heavily on the availability of their alcohol/other drug use as the

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