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goes a long way in building a collaborative relationship based on trust, understanding, and concern. Collaborative alliances with adult victims strengthen the ability of child welfare workers to develop strategies in which the immediate and long-term safety needs of all family members are considered.

f.Child welfare workers should not refer families in which there is domestic violence to family therapy, marriage or couples counseling, mediation, or other programs in which the victim and abuser must cooperatively participate, and should not recommend that families in which there is domestic violence be required to participate in such services.

In domestic violence cases, the  provision of "family" services to children in cooperation with the non-abusing parent may be helpful, but should not include the participation of abusers. Intervention strategies that require cooperative participation between a victim and her abusive partner are collusive and dangerous. (See  Guiding Principles, 1.i.)

g.Child welfare workers should cultivate cooperative relationships with domestic violence advocates, provide victims with accurate information about available domestic violence residential and nonresidential services, and should actively assist victims in making the linkage with those services, if they so desire.

Child welfare workers should provide victims with information about resources in the community. Workers should be informed about eligibility and availability of local services. In addition, printed material should be available for victims to access, discreetly if necessary. Domestic violence services should never be required, and workers should make every effort to work cooperatively and collaboratively with local domestic violence advocates when providing services to mutual clients.


a.Child welfare workers should reinforce abusers' sole responsibility for their violent and coercive behavior as the issue emerges in any forum.

Domestic violence is behavior over which abusers have control and should never be justified, excused, or minimized. Abusers will often offer excuses or "explanations" for their violent and controlling behavior. It is important that workers continually reinforce abusers' sole responsibility for their

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