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PRIMARY AND SECONDARY PREVENTION OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES - page 20 / 38

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Hypercholesterolema-Treatment

All CVD patients should be screened

In primary prevention, age of screening is controversial (20-45 years)

NCEP (National Cholesterol Education Program)/ATP(Adult Treatment Panel)

ATPIII-Different targets on calculated Framingham risk score

Existing CVD (DM or PVD)-LDL <100mg/dl

Without CVD

<2 risk factors :LDL<130mg/dl

Low risk patients :LDL<160mg/dl

Dietary recommendations

25-35% fat (<7% saturated)

Complex carbohydrates, 50-60% calories

Protein 15% calories

High dietary fiber

Exercise

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