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PRIMARY AND SECONDARY PREVENTION OF CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES - page 31 / 38

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Physical inactivity-Class 2

Activity can be as simple as brisk walking

Mortality reduction benefits are also present in the elderly who initiate new exercise programs

Exercise also reduced the risk of stroke and new onset DM

However, there is no large-scale randomized trials of physical activity in primary prevention

In secondary prevention, regular exercise reduces mortality by 25%

Exercise clearly has beneficial effects on other CVD risk factors (increase HDL, reduce LDL, lower BP, increase insulin sensitivity)

Recommendations: 30-60 minutes of moderate activity on most days of the week (primary and secondary prevention)

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