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Israel Ruland, foreman of the Grand Jury, recorded its verdict. Actually, the jury’s findings were more in the nature of a complaint. First of all, they considered it a great public inconvenience that the District of Erie had no established set of weights and measures.

Secondly, they thought it was an even greater public annoyance that there were no laws to fine or punish those people who were breaking the Sabbath by “horse racing, drinking to excess, frolicking and dancing on that Day, to the great shame and disgrace of the Laws of God and Man, and contempt of Religion and Morality.”

Finally, they also objected to the idea that was currently being floated to abolish the District Court, forcing the habitants to travel all the way to Detroit to obtain justice. 1

Detroit, Sept. 19, 1806:

The Legislative Board established the Bank of Detroit, allowing for the sale of public stock at $2 per share. Most of the habitants were too poor to invest, but Sibley, Brush, and Henry each took out a hundred shares and became directors. Most of the stock was owned by Boston speculators who hoped to float bank notes on the East Coast, where there would be little chance they could be redeemed for hard currency. 2

The field of operations for eastern speculators would

soon

seem

to

be

limitless.

On

September

23rd,

Lewis

&

Clark’s

Corps

of

Discovery

would

arrive

in

Saint

Louis

after

their soon

triumphant cross-continental trip. open up the trans-Mississippi west

Their reports would to further exploration

and economic exploitation by Americans who convinced of their Manifest Destiny to occupy entire North-American continent. ________ 3

were ever more and develop the

1

“Sabbath breaking and other Evils,” Bond Papers , Michigan

Pioneer and Historical Collections, Vol.37, Wynkoop, Hallenbeck, Crawford Co., 1909, p 446.

Lansing:

2 Gilpin, Alec R. The Territory of Michigan; 1805-1837.... Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1970, p 26-7: The bank’s charter was revoked on March 3, 1807 and the bank became the private property of Andrew Dexter, who bought

out

the

other

investors.

The

Territorial

declared private, un-chartered banks illegal

Legislative Board the following year

and Dexter defaulted on many of his bank notes. Territory would not have another locally chartered 1817.

Michigan bank until

3 In the Autumn of 1806, Lewis and Clark return to W a s h i n g t o n , D . C . , w h e r e t h e y a r e t r e a t e d a s n a t i o n a l h e r o e s and each receives 1,600 acres of free land. (Their men are

rewarded with double pay and 320 acres apiece.) Clark is appointed Indian agent for the West and a brigadier general in the militia, while Lewis becomes territorial governor.

__________

Page 3

On Living History by Assistant Director John Gibney

Geoff Hoerauf, Judy Yokom, & John Gibney

This past year we have tried to increase the number of Living History events offered at the Navarre-Anderson Trading Post. We have done this in our efforts to educate the public about our programs, our holdings, and our preservation activities. Evidently we are quite successful at it because we are averaging over 100 visitors per day at these programs. Beginning with our very modest effort at the Maple Sugar Festival in March, and continuing through our Colonial Days, which served well over 400 visitors, the largely unadvertised events have been a spectacular success.

If you have been to a Living History event you understand why the programs work. The smell of the wood smoke, the sounds of folk music, and the sights of people dressed in period clothing assault your senses in a way that no boring textbook or dull lecture can.

where

So just what is this does it come from?

thing called Living History, Some professionals argue

and that

reenacting the They point to

past may be a fundamental part of our nature. cave drawings as evidence that humans have

always

tried

to

recreate

the

past

since

the

dawn

of

man.

Roman times, great Coliseum in Rome.

naval battles were reenacted inside Passion Plays and recreations of

In the the

Crucifixion have been around for over two thousand years.

The first professional use of recreated or Living History began in Skansen, Sweden where an entire village dedicated to preserving and demonstrating folkways to the public first opened in 1891. American attempts at Living

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