Ghana's energy sector is dominated by state-owned enterprises.
Transmission and distribution of electricity are under state monopoly.
Although Ghana is a net exporter of electrical energy in most years, low water levels at the Volta dam frequently lead to supply shortages and electricity cuts.
The Energy Commission is in charge of technical standards and licensing of electricity utilities.
The Public Utilities Regulatory Commission (PURC) is responsible for competition regulation and quality of service monitoring.
There has been no significant privatisation programme to date.
A previous government subsidy of electricity has been drastically slashed in the past year with consequent increases in electricity tariffs by more than 100 percent.