Ghana led the way in telecommunications liberalization and deregulation in Africa when it privatized Ghana Telecom in 1996.
Reforms have been stalled so far, leaving the door open for anti-competitive practices by operators.
Although there is still significant scope for improvement, Ghana has made huge progress in telecommunications services over the past decade or so.
Significant effort has been made to stimulate competition and scale economies.
In 1997, for example, WESTEL, originally owned by the GNPC, was floated in an IPO, awarded a second network operator licence, and granted a 5-year duopoly on basic telecommunications services alongside Ghana Telecom, to allow for greater competition and improved efficiency.