QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS ON THE TOPIC OF ADAPTATIONS AND MODIFICATIONS
© Lavana Heel (email@example.com)
Learning Disabilities Association (www.ldonline.org)
www.allkindsofminds – Mel Levine
B.C. Ministry of Education: Special Education: A manual of policies, procedures and guidelines.
www.ldao.ca – Learning Disabilities Association of Ontario
The Learning Differences Sourcebook by Nancy Boyles and Darlene Contadino
Making Inclusion Work – Effective Practices for ALL Teachers by John Beattie, LuAnn Jordan and Bob Algozzine
Successful Inclusion Strategies for Secondary and Middle School Teachers – Keys to Help Struggling Learners Access the Curriculum by
h i. j.
. Educational Care by Mel Levine www.bctf.ca/TeachingToDiversity/ Multiple Intelligences – Linda Campbell, Bruce Campbell and Dee Dickinson
Following are some questions and answers on the topic of adaptations and modifications:
What is an adaptation?
(From B.C Ministry) “An adaptation is an intervention that retains the learning outcomes of the prescribed curriculum or performance standards and is implemented so that students can more effectively or productively participate in the classroom program. These adaptations can include alternate formats (books on tape, assistive technology), fewer questions (focus on process rather than product), instructional strategies (use of visual cues for memory, scribes, scaffolding etc.), and assessment strategies (oral exams, open book exams, additional time). Students on adapted programs are assessed using the standards for the course/program and can receive full credit for their work.”
The intent of adaptations is to cultivate rich teaching practices that foster inclusion of students with a range of learning styles and needs. Many adaptations are simply ‘different strategies” that are beneficial to all students.