The best known self-help treatment is Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) who use the 12 step Minnesota Model
Basic philosophy is addiction is progressive and that it can only ever be arrested (but not cured).
There is no blame attached to the addict. To arrest the disease they have to give themselves up to a "higher power" and use the group who are all addicts for support
Therapeutic aims (Chappel, 1992)
- to instil hope, openness and self-disclosure
- develop social networks
- focus on abstinence and loss of control
- to rely on others for help; to develop spiritually