Principles of automation, automated instruments: Processes control with special clinical and environmental aspects, semiautomatic instruments, auto analyser, centrifugal analyser, computers in analytical chemistry and flow injection analysis.
General characteristics of thermal analysis, thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA), differential thermal analysis (DTA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) thermometric titration’s (TT & DIE) and applications.
Introduction, theory of NMR, instrumentation, interpretation of NMR spectra and applications.
Introduction, instrumentation, mass spectrum, interpretation of mass spectra: assignment of molecular ion peak, elemental composition of molecular ions, fragments ions from simple cleavage reactions (aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons), MacLafferty’s rearrangement, meta stable ions or peaks, mass spectra of hydrocarbons e.g. Alkanes, alkenes, cycloalkanes, alkynes, aromatic compounds, alcohols, amines, phenols, aldehydes and ketones, aliphatic acids, aromatic acids, halogens compounds and esters.
Introduction and classification, adsorption and distribution laws applied to chromatography, displacement, frontal and elution techniques, migration rate of species, band broadening and column efficiency and applications.
a)GAS-LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY (GLC)
Principle of GLC, instrumentation, interfacing GC with MS and applications.
b)HIGH PERFORMANCE LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY (HPLC)
Introduction, instrumentation, partition, adsorption, ion exchange and size exclusion chromatography and their applications.
THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY (TLC)
Introduction, theory and applications.