A.25.Journey of Hope-Hope Kit: A New Promising Approach to HIV Prevention in Malawi
Mkandawire G. and, Böse K. Contact: Glory Mkandawire
Scope and Objectives
The problem of HIV and AIDS continues to rise in Malawi. The need to use a wide range of interventions to fight this pandemic for a long and lasting impact can not be overemphasized. The Malawi Journey of Hope-Hope Kit, adapted from Ghana’s Journey of Hope, is a package of tools and materials to assist organizations and individuals to more effectively adopt participatory approaches in communicating messages of prevention and disease management. Journey of Hope includes The Fleet of Hope, a concept advanced in 1992 by father Bernard Joinet, a Catholic priest in Tanzania who with Jose Cantal Rivas, Theodore Mugolola and others have developed and proven its effectiveness in various countries. The Malawi Journey of Hope-Hope Kit offers new tools and approaches to help people throughout Malawi reverse the rising tide of HIV infections, currently estimated at 70,000 new infections each year. The main aim of the activities contained in the kit is to promote hope, openness, build knowledge, skills, values and values that will support a healthy and long life.
Basis for the Hope Kit
Literature has shown that currently in Malawian have low efficacy and lack HIV prevention knowledge. Risk perception among groups (girls and men) that have high HIV incidence is lower when compared to other groups of people. The devastating effect of HIV has led to loss of Hope among people. Partners report lack of communication around sexual issues. Stigma and discrimination still persist in Malawi.
The activities in the Hope Kit are based on a number of theories, concepts and research findings.
Use of symbols, metaphor and story telling – when people are involved in creating a story, it is fun and interesting, and brings out some of the important feelings and emotions that affect how we behave. The Journey of Hope-Hope Kit uses symbols like dangerous water and safe narrow bridges to explore HIV/AIDS issues and understand them in a new way.
Presenting the available choices to each person – The Journey of Hope-Hope Kit does not promote any particular response to HIV and AIDS issues. It is designed to promote awareness of the full range of possibilities and choices available, and build knowledge, skills, values and beliefs for a healthy life.
Association and Dissociation- People often find it easier to talk about bad experiences and feelings in a detached and dissociated way, as though they are watching what is happening from the outside. If you give each participant a 'character' which clearly does not represent them personally, it allows them to discuss these issues in a dissociated way. The Journey of Hope use character cards and people create characters around the cards.
Anchors and Anchoring- People naturally create a link between a particular stimulus, something we see, hear, feel, smell or taste, and other things we were experiencing and thinking about at that time.