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corresponding therapist, as described in Chapter Two.

Rehabilitation Settings The types of rehabilitation described above may be performed in a variety of settings. The location will depend upon the needs of the patient, the recommendations of the medical team, and, possibly, insurance coverage.

Acute Inpatient Rehabilitation—Follows acute hospital care, focuses on intensive cognitive and physical therapies in the early months after injury. May be based in the hospital or in specialized skilled facilities.

Subacute Rehabilitation—Often performed in a skilled nursing facility or nursing home, and focuses on less intensive rehabilitation over a longer period of time.

Day Rehabilitation (Day Hospital, Day Treatment)—Takes place in the hospital as a structured program, but the patient returns home at night.

Outpatient Therapy—Typically for patients who do not require inpatient treatment. May include those who have progressed but need assistance with more complex tasks or those whose impairments are not severe enough to require inpatient treatment. May take place in the hospital, skilled nursing facility, or other settings.

Home Treatment—Some hospitals and rehabilitation centers will provide rehabilitation within the home.

Community Re-entry Programs—Designed to assist the patient regain skills needed to return to independent living and work. Therapies focus on higher level motor, cognitive, and social skills, and can take place in the home or in a rehabilitation center.

Independent Living Programs—Provide housing for brain-injury survivors, with the goal of helping individuals attain independent living. Programs may vary in levels of assistance, depending upon the needs of the individual.


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