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needle or bolt introduced into the CSF space surrounding the brain. Intubate—to place a tube through a patient’s mouth to the breathing passage.

Jejunostomy Tube (J-Tube)—A feeding tube surgically inserted into the small intestine.

Lability—Frequent shifts in emotional state (may manifest as uncontrolled laughing or crying).

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)—A diagnostic procedure that uses magnetic fields to create pictures of the brain’s soft tissue.

Malingering—To pretend illness or inability in order to avoid duty or work.

Motor Control—Regulation of the timing and contraction of muscles to produce smooth and coordinated body movement.

Motor Planning—Action formulated in the mind before attempting to carry it out.

Muscle Tone—Used in clinical practice to describe the resistance of a muscle to being stretched.

Nasogastric tube (N/G Tube)—A tube which is passed through the nostril and into the stomach to carry food directly to the stomach.

Neglect—Paying little or no attention to a part of the body.

Neologism—Nonsense or made-up word used when speaking. The person often does not realize that the word makes no sense.

Neurodegeneration—damage or death to nerve cells in the brain, often cause by diseases such as Alzheimer’s.

Orthopedics—The branch of medicine devoted to the study and treatment of the skeletal system, its joints, muscles and associated structures.

Orthosis—Splint or brace designed to improve body function or provide stability. Paraplegia—Paralysis of the legs (from the waist down).

Paresis—Lack of control of a muscle or group of muscles; partial or incomplete paralysis.

Perceptual Motor—Interaction of vision with motor (muscular) activities such as eye-hand coordination, eating, picking up objects, etc.

Perseveration—Uncontrolled, involuntary repetition of speech or activity (See Motor Planning).

Persistent Vegetative State (PVS)—A long-standing condition in which the patient utters no words and does not follow commands or make any response that is


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