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meaningful. Plateau—A temporary or permanent leveling off in the recovery process.

Post Traumatic Amnesia (PTA)—A period of hours, weeks or months after an injury during which the patient exhibits a loss of day-to-day memory.

Premorbid—A term to describe the patient’s condition before the injury. Prosthesis—An artificial limb. Prone—Lying face down.

Quadriparesis—Lack of control of all four limbs of the body resulting from an injury to the brain (See Paresis).

Range of Motion (ROM)—the range of movement available in a joint, measured by degrees.

Respirator—(see Ventilator)

Seizure—An uncontrolled discharge of nerve cells which may spread to other cells throughout the brain. The sudden attack is usually momentary, but may be accompanied by loss of bowel and bladder control, tremors, and/or aggressiveness.

Sensorimotor—Refers to all aspects of movement and sensation and the interaction of the two.

Shunt—A surgically placed tube connected from the ventricles which deposits fluid into the abdominal cavity, heart or large veins of the neck.

Somatosensory—Sensory activity having its origin elsewhere than in the sense organs (such as eyes and ears); conveys information to the brain about the body and its immediate environment.

Spasm—A sudden, abnormal, involuntary muscular contraction.

Spasticity—A marked involuntary increase in muscle tone (tension) characterized by hyperactive reflex and shortening of the muscle.

Splint—A metal, plaster or plastic support used to position one or more joints properly to reduce muscle tension, increase range of motion and/or allow greater use of the body part.

Strabismus—Uncoordinated movement of the eyes, usually resulting in double vision.

Subdural—Beneath the dura (tough membrane) covering the brain and spinal cord. Supine—Lying on one’s back. Synergy—Combined action of two or more muscles to form an abnormal pattern of


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