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will help you feel more in control and help other family members to understand what is going on. By getting involved, you also create a support system for the brain- injured individual. Never be afraid to ask questions! The Internet is a wonderful resource, as are libraries, local colleges and universities, community centers, government offices, hospitals and medical team members.

Your community may have an organization like the San Diego Brain Injury Foundation to guide you toward helpful information and find others who are also struggling with brain-injury issues.

For those who want to know more about the occurrence and nature of brain injuries, this chapter will provide you with relevant data.

Types of Brain Injury

  • Traumatic

  • Non-traumatic

“My injuries were serious. My jaw was broken in three places,

all my teeth were lying in my mouth and my nose was gone. I have had a total of four major surgeries to reconstruct my face,

complete with 48 screws and six metal plates in my mouth and jaw. I lost a fifth of my brain in that incident and was in a coma for three and a half months. I am proud to say that I have gotten some gross movements back in my left side and I can walk on my own.”

  • -

    R. T., Brain-injury Survivor

Many people are confused about traumatic versus non-traumatic brain injury. Isn’t all brain-injury “traumatic?” In medical terms, an injury that occurs from physical impact is traumatic; one with a biological origin, such as disease or heredity, is non-traumatic.

Traumatic brain-injury typically occurs as a result of an accident: motor vehicle, fall, bicycle, or sports-related. It also can occur as a result of intent: gunshot wound (self-inflicted or by others) or other physical assault. Non-traumatic brain


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