thing about the practice of medieval history in Germany, and fewer still were engaged in the study of Germany in the period before the Reformation. In 1934, when C. W. David wrote an account of medieval history in America from 1884 to 1934, apart from vague references to the teaching of German history, he could cite only one American engaged in writing German history.
That was James Westfall Thompson, whose
in 1928.8 What had intervened most obviously, of course, was World War I, with its concomitant anti-German sentiment that so profoundly affected every area of American-German social and cultural interactions.
The Great War was certainly devastating to the intellectual relationship between nascent American and established German scholarship, and the devastation worked itself out on the personal as well as the intellectual level. German emigrant communities and German cultural organizations at every level suffered ostracism, hostility, and occasional violence that has left enduring wounds. Some German scholars such as Kuno Francke, who had become an American citizen, although not blind to the ―one grave defect of imperial Germany: the arrogance and overbearing of the military and bureaucratic class,‖9 remained a loyal supporter of his fatherland even while refusing to support active pro-German intervention or organized protests by German-Americans. This earned him increasing opprobrium from both sides. When the United States actually entered the war, he
more exclusively trained in Germany, and the war has compelled the re-examination of many phases of German history, especially the more recent.‖ Charles Homer Haskins,
European History and American Scholarship,‖
C. W. David, ―American Historiography of the Middle Ages, 1884–1934,‖
10 (1935): 125–137. Kuno Francke ,
( N e w Y o r k , 1 9 1 5 ) , 1 4