energy more to political philosophy and modern history.15 Like Hans Baron, in fact all the leading representatives of Renaissance scholarship left Germany, including Paul Oskar Kristeller, Felix Gilbert, Erwin Panofsky, Fritz Saxl, and Edgar Wind. And they did not have many students left in Germany. Since 1933 Renaissance scholarship of this kind has not been done in Germany. It is remarkable that even after 1945 this development has received little attention in Germany and has gone completely unnoticed in medieval studies. 16
These forms of German medieval scholarship—which greatly limited, if not made completely impossible, its influence outside Germany—were already observed by critics at that time. Marc Bloch, an excellent authority on German medieval scholarship and on German history in general,
that irritated him about German
medieval and modern historians in his debates with Georg von Below and Friedrich Meinecke between the two world wars. The reason for the entirely different character of German historians and even their inability to embrace new concepts, in his view, was their adoration of the state, ―
Cf. Hans Baron,
2 vols. (Princeton,1988). Horst Günter, "Hans Baron und die emigrierte Renaissance," in Hans Baron,
(Berlin, 1992), 7–10. Oexle, "Ein politischer Historiker," 309f.