feudalism or the emergence of the representative constitution in the European Occident translate this insight into historical discoveries and represent the first signs in Germany of a comparative history of mentalities and a comparative social and structural history of the medieval period in Europe.30 One could also mention here the work of young medievalists such as Percy Ernst Schramm (1894–1970),31 Carl Erdmann (1898–1945),32 and Gerd Tellenbach (born in 1903)33 at the end of the 1920s and beginning of the 1930s.
The progress that German medieval scholarship has made in the gradual development of such approaches since 1945 has been documented perhaps most comprehensively in the monumental work (the path into history) by Johannes Fried, which was published in 1994.34 Along Fried‘s path, German medieval scholarship needs the accompanying critique of medievalists from other countries. Moreover, it also depends on the assistance and accompaniment of those who are
30 Otto Hintze, "Wesen und Verbreitung des Feudalismus" (1929); "Typologie der ständischen Verfassungen des Abendlandes" (1930); "Weltgeschichtliche Bedingungen der Repräsentativverfassung" (1931), in his
, 3d ed. (Göttingen, 1970), 84ff., 120ff., 140ff.
Percy Ernst Schramm,
32 (1929; 3d ed. Darmstadt, 1962). Carl Erdmann, 1955). Cf. Gerd Tellenbach,
(1935; repr. Stuttgart, (Freiburg i.Br., 1981), 82ff.
Gerd Tellenbach, (Stuttgart, 1936). Johannes Fried, Propyläen Geschichte Deutschlands, vol. 1. (Berlin, 1994); cf. id.,
Oldenbourg Grundriß der Geschichte, vol. 6. (Munich, 1991).