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Chemistry I Fall Semester Objectives

Chapter 1 Matter and Change

  • 1.

    Define chemistry.

  • 2.

    Distinguish between the physical properties and chemical properties of matter.

  • 3.

    Classify changes of matter as physical or chemical.

  • 4.

    Explain the gas, liquid, and solid states in terms of particles.

  • 5.

    Use a periodic table to name elements, given their symbols.

  • 6.

    Use a periodic table to write the symbols of elements, given their names.

  • 7.

    Describe the arrangement of the periodic table.

  • 8.

    List the characteristics that distinguish metals, nonmetals, and metalloids.

Chapter 2 Measurements and Calculations

  • 9.

    Describe the purpose of the scientific method.

  • 10.

    Distinguish between qualitative and quantitative observations.

  • 11.

    Distinguish between a quantity, a unit, and a measurement standard.

  • 12.

    Name SI units for length, mass, time, volume, and density.

  • 13.

    Distinguish between mass and weight.

  • 14.

    Perform density calculations.

  • 15.

    Transform a statement of equality to a conversion factor.

  • 16.

    Distinguish between accuracy and precision.

  • 17.

    Determine the number of significant figures in measurements.

  • 18.

    Perform mathematical operations involving significant figures.

  • 19.

    Convert measurements into scientific notation.

  • 20.

    Distinguish between inversely and directly proportional relationships.

Chapter 3 Atoms: The Building Blocks of Matter

  • 21.

    Explain the law of conservation of mass, the law of definite proportions, and the law of multiple proportions.

  • 22.

    Summarize the five essential points of Dalton’s atomic theory.

  • 23.

    Explain the relationship between Dalton’s atomic theory and the law of conservation of mass, the law of definite proportions, and the law of multiple proportions.

  • 24.

    Summarize the observed properties of cathode rays that led to the discovery of the electron.

  • 25.

    Summarize the experiment carried out by Rutherford and his co-workers that led to the discovery of the nucleus.

  • 26.

    List the properties of protons, neutrons, and electrons.

  • 27.

    Define atom.

  • 28.

    Explain what isotopes are.

  • 29.

    Define atomic number and mass number, and describe how they apply to isotopes.

  • 30.

    Given the identity of a nuclide, determine its number of protons, neutrons, and electrons.

  • 31.

    Define mole in terms of Avogadro’s number, and define molar mass.

  • 32.

    Solve problems involving mass in grams, amount in moles, and number of atoms of an element.

Chapter 4 Arrangement of Electrons in Atoms

33. Explain the mathematical relationship between the speed, wavelength, and frequency of electromagnetic radiation.

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