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  • 232.

    Discuss the five factors that influence reaction rate.

  • 233.

    Define catalyst, and discuss two different types.

  • 234.

    Explain and write rate laws for chemical reactions.

Chapter 19: Oxidation-Reduction Reactions

  • 235.

    Assign oxidation numbers to reactant and product species.

  • 236.

    Define oxidation and reduction.

  • 237.

    Explain what an oxidation-reduction reaction (redox reaction) is.

  • 238.

    Explain what must be conserved in redox equations.

  • 239.

    Balance redox equations by using the half-reaction method.

  • 240.

    Relate chemical activity to oxidizing and reducing strength.

  • 241.

    Explain the concept of auto-oxidation.

  • 242.

    Explain what is required for an electrochemical cell.

  • 243.

    Describe the nature of voltaic cells.

  • 244.

    Describe the nature of electrolytic cells.

  • 245.

    Explain the process of electroplating.

  • 246.

    Describe the chemistry of a rechargeable cell.

  • 247.

    Calculate cell potentials from a table of standard electrode potentials

Chapter 22 Nuclear Chemistry

  • 248.

    Explain what a nuclide is, and describe the different ways nuclides can be represented.

  • 249.

    Define and relate the terms mass defect and nuclear binding energy.

  • 250.

    Explain the relationship between nucleon number and stability of nuclei.

  • 251.

    Explain why nuclear reactions occur, and know how to balance a nuclear equation.

  • 252.

    Define and relate the terms radioactive decay and nuclear radiation.

  • 253.

    Describe the different types of radioactive decay and their effects on the nucleus.

  • 254.

    Define the term half-l fe, and explain how it relates to the stability of a nucleus.

  • 255.

    Define and relate the terms decay series, parent nuclide, and daughter nuclide.

  • 256.

    Explain how artificial radioactive nuclides are made, and discuss their significance.

  • 257.

    Compare the penetrating ability and shielding requirements of alpha particles, beta particles, and gamma

rays.

  • 258.

    Define the terms roentgen and rem, and distinguish between them.

  • 259.

    Describe three devices used in radiation detection.

  • 260.

    Discuss applications of radioactive nuclides.

  • 261.

    Define nuclear fission, chain reaction, and nuclear fusion, and distinguish between them.

  • 262.

    Explain how a fission reaction is used to generate power.

  • 263.

    Discuss the possible benefits and the current difficulty of controlling fusion reactions.

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