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, you can enter the academic achievements that students accomplished at

other schools or universities in student master data.

These schools or universities are referred to as external organizations in


The subjects offered by external organizations are referred to as external subjects. The qualifications that

students have acquired at external organizations are referred to as external qualifications.

You can enter the measure of academic performance in an external subject (grade or credits) and the

external qualification awarded to a student in the master data infotype information, see Maintenance of External Transcripts.

(1719). For more

You can enter the results of tests that students have taken at external organizations in the infotype (1721). For more information, see Maintenance of External Test Results.

Use You need academic scales when:

  • Setting up and grading modules

  • Setting up programs

  • Setting up average grades

  • Setting up external subjects and external organizations

  • Creating external academic achievements for a student

You set up academic scales in Customizing for

in the section


You can manage different types of academic scales in Student Lifecycle Management. You can also convert between scales. In this way, you can use different scales at your university and switch between scales without losing data.

You can define different types of academic scales, for example, quality scales (A, B, C...) or quantity scales with stepwise increments (1,0; 1,1; 1,2...5,9; 6,0). Each scale you create is converted to a standard scale and stored in the system. The system converts each grade on a user-defined (customer) scale to a value on the internal standard scale, and stores this value. On the standard scale, you can define a universal threshold value which denotes the “just passed” value that applies to all customer scales. This enables you to define that grades below a particular value are failures without explicitly specifying this in the customer scale.

Prerequisites You must maintain the following data when creating a scale:

  • Scale type (quality scale, quantity scale, etc.)

  • Highest and lowest values, and the increment for quantity scales

  • Values for quality scales

  • Description of scale sections and/or values (for example, 1.0 – 1.49 = Excellent; 1.5 – 2.49 = Good,


  • Base value for mapping the customer scale to the standard scale

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