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Report of the Law Reform Committee on Online Gaming and Singapore

the Interstate Horseracing Act30 was amended to expressly allow wagers to be received from out of state through electronic media which would include the Internet. It should be noted however that the Interstate Horseracing Act only allows remote wagers on horse races but some operators have extended the Internet wagering to dog wagers (ie greyhound racing).


Outside the US, many state-authorised horse and dog racing operators allow

residents of other countries to wager on their horse and dog races. For example, Australia31 and New Zealand also have pari-mutuel systems and online wagering sites open to all, although the New Zealand site seems to prohibit US residents from setting

up an account.32

Even for those countries where horse betting is not pari-mutuel, such

as the Caribbean, UK, and some European countries, the websites take bets from anywhere in the world. Canada has gone so far as to expressly allow licensed betting on races in other countries. 33


Betting on sports


Sports wagering, eg, on the outcome of football or boxing matches, is an

activity that has not been without controversy not least because of the possibility and occurrences of professional sportspersons “fixing” the result by deliberately throwing matches. This is one of the major reasons why in the US, there is a prohibition on sports wagering,34 although because of the wording of the provisions, some sports wagering in some states are allowed. 35


In some countries such as Australia, betting on sports such as football and motor

racing is permitted both offline and online.



Securities, futures and proposition betting


In essence, trading on stock and commodities markets is very similar to

gambling. But the laws of many countries around the world have moved to expressly exempt such activities from the ambit of anti-gambling laws.


One step away from commodities market is predictions markets that allow

players to place bets on their predictions. These would straddle the fine line between

30 31 32 33 34 35 36

15 USC §§ 3001. See http://www.tab.com.au/. See https://www.ebetonline.co.nz. Canada Criminal Code, RSC, part VII, § 204.8.1 (2001). Amateur Sports Protection Act, see 28 USC §§3701–3704 (2008). Yee Fen Lim, “Internet Gambling – the US Perspective” (1998) 1 No 8 Internet Law Bulletin 114. See, eg, http://www.tab.com.au/Sports/Default.aspx?State=2.


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