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TABLE OF CONTENTS

  • I.

    Introduction.........................................................................................................1

    • A.

      Lotteries ................................................................................................................1

      • (1)

        Traditional lotteries .....................................................................................1

      • (2)

        Selecting numbers .......................................................................................2

      • (3)

        Scratchers ....................................................................................................2

      • (4)

        Slot machines ..............................................................................................2

      • (5)

        Legal position..............................................................................................3

    • B.

      Wagers ..................................................................................................................5

      • (1)

        Horseracing and dog racing.........................................................................5

      • (2)

        Betting on sports..........................................................................................6

      • (3)

        Securities, futures and proposition betting..................................................6

    • C.

      Casino-style games ...............................................................................................7

    • D.

      Games of skill .......................................................................................................8

      • (1)

        Fantasy leagues ...........................................................................................9

      • (2)

        Online games or MMORPGs and virtual worlds ........................................9

    • E.

      Note on terminology ...........................................................................................11

  • II.

    Singapore Legal/Regulatory Landscape.........................................................11

    • A.

      Singapore gambling laws....................................................................................12

      • (1)

        Introduction ...............................................................................................12

      • (2)

        Singapore Totalisator Board Act (Cap 305A)...........................................12

      • (3)

        Casino Control Act (Cap 33A)..................................................................12

    • B.

      Anti-gambling statutes ........................................................................................13

      • (1)

        Common Gaming Houses Act (Cap 49) ...................................................13

      • (2)

        Betting Act (Cap 21) .................................................................................15

      • (3)

        Private Lotteries Act (Cap 250) ................................................................15

      • (4)

        Betting and Sweepstakes Duties Act (Cap 22)..........................................16

    • C.

      Enforceability of gambling debts........................................................................16

    • D.

      Singapore and online gambling ..........................................................................17

      • (1)

        Gaming and gambling events in Singapore...............................................17

      • (2)

        Issues under CGHA...................................................................................17

      • (3)

        Over-inclusiveness of the legislation ........................................................20

    • E.

      Conclusion and comments ..................................................................................20

  • III.

    Approaches in Other Jurisdictions..................................................................21

    • A.

      United States of America....................................................................................21

      • (1)

        Introduction ...............................................................................................21

      • (2)

        What is gaming, what is gambling, and which is to be regulated? ...........21

      • (3)

        What is the US federal approach to regulation and what is the underlying policy basis?............................................................................22

      • (4)

        Who are the parties involved in the process of gambling and what are their liabilities and responsibilities? ....................................................22

      • (5)

        Federal .......................................................................................................23

      • (6)

        The Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act of 2006 and beyond .......................................................................................................24

iv

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