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Module 2:   

PSYCHOANALYTIC, ADLERIAN & PERSON-CENTRED COUNSELLING THEORIES

MODULE LEARNING   OUTCOMES

When you have completed this module you will be able to:

Identify how counselling theories may be classified

Compare and contrast how psychoanalytic theory, Adlerian theory and person-centred theory view human behaviour

List the differences in the goals of counselling among the three theoretical positions

Identify the different counselling techniques proposed by each of the three counselling theories

             CHAPTER OVERVIEW

2.0

Introduction

2.1 Continuum of Theories  

2.2 Classification of Counselling

     Theories

2.3 Psychoanalytic Counselling

     Theory

Assumptions of human nature

Counselling techniques

2.4 Adlerian Counselling

Assumptions of human nature

Counselling techniques

2.5 Person-Centred Counselling

Assumptions  of human nature

Counselling techniques

2.6 Summary

     Key Terms

     Readings

2.0

INTRODUCTION

As discussed in Module 1, counselling traces its origin to the work of Frank Parsons (1909) who was concerned about helping young people make decisions about choices in their career.  Parsons regarded career decision making as a rational process with guided self-appraisal, analysis of work opportunities, and matching self with opportunities. The early development of the counselling profession solely focused on developing techniques and ways of helping people better assess their aptitude, opportunities and interests in career and occupational aspects. The approach to counselling became popularly known as directive counselling since the role of the counsellor is to advise clients about their career choices through matching personal traits and factors that would contribute to successful decision making. Feelings and emotions were not so much regarded as important in making the evaluation

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