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The Adlerian approach requires that clients be able to verbalise their thoughts and so language is essential. Even if non-verbal situations such as drama or art are used, clients need to talk about and understand what they discover themselves. The Adlerian approach is based on the belief that people want to belong as equals and keen to develop their full potential. The Adlerian approach is appropriate for people who are able to accept responsibility for their behaviour and who are willing to make changes.

SELF-CHECK  2.3

1. Who is the founder of the Adlerian approach?

2. How did Adler view human behaviour?

3.

From the Adlerian perspective, what is the reason(s) for clients having problems in life?

4.

What is the goal of counselling according to Adlerian approach?

5.

What are the techniques used in Adlerian counselling?

LEARNING ACTICITY  2.2

a) What is your birth position? Does Adler’s characteristics defined for your birth position reflected in your personalities?

b) How have your personalities developed as an effect of being born in this particular position?

2.4   Theory 3: PERSON-CENTERED COUNSELLING

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