attracted or attached to parents of opposite sex
Electra complex (girls compete with mother for father’s affection
Men treat women with contempt. Women become flirtatious and promiscuous.
Early school years
Psychosexual development is dormant. Life focus on schools. Boys play with boys, girls play with girls. No sexual interest in the opposite sex
Bodily sexual changes
Puberty results in sexual maturation and awareness
Attraction to opposite sex, capacity for love, awareness of adult sexuality
Emotions and turmoil in relation to gender identity and social-sexual
Figure 2.4: Freud’s Psychosexual Stages of Personality Development
[source: Corey, G. (2005). Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy. (7th ed.). USA:
GOAL OF COUNSELLING AND ROLE OF THE COUNSELLOR
The goal of psychoanalytic counselling is to help clients become aware of their unconscious thoughts and emotions that have affected their behaviour or action. The counsellor may also help clients identify unresolved developmental issues, either personality or psychosexual aspects, so that clients can continue with their development in a healthy way. In addition, through counselling, clients will also be able to recognized ineffective ways of coping with stress they had previously adopted. The counsellor can teach clients how to cope positively with anxiety and the demands of living.
The psychoanalytic counsellor acts as an expert who aims to find the underlying roots for the client’s current problems. The counsellor encourages clients to talk about whatever comes into mind, especially childhood experiences. In order to make client feel comfortable to express himself, the counsellor sits slightly out of client’s view while the client lies down comfortably on a couch. Talking freely about any issues often leads to the recall of related thought or emotions. This technique of free association, in addition to dream analysis and gaining insights, the counsellor will attempt to understand client’s motive and interpret his or her unconscious thought and wishes.
Freud had introduced various techniques that the counsellor can used as a tool to help clients work out their problems. In free association, the client feels free enough to say express whatever comes to his or her mind, however silly, irrational or painful the thoughts are. Through dream analysis, the counsellor is able understand client’s unconscious thoughts and emotions by interpreting client’s manifest content ( the contents of dream) and latent content (the hidden, symbolic meaning) of dreams