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DISEASE

INCUBATION PERIOD(DAYS)

TIME WHEN PATIENT IS INFECTIOUS

EXCLUSION FROM SCHOOL

COMMENTS

Chickenpox

14-21

From about 1-2 days before, to not more than 6 days after last crop of spots

While child is unwell

Cold Sores (herpes simplex)

On direct contact whilst lesions moist

None

They tend to heal and recur. Personal hygiene is important

Conjunctivitus

1-3

Whilst infection is active

Until 48 hours of infection is completed

Infectious for those in direct contact

Fifth Disease (slapped skin syndrome)

7-28

Not known

While unwell

Rash may be prolonged

German Measles (rubella)

14-21 but usually 1-18

1 week before to about 4 days after onset of rash

7 days after onset of rash

All young women with children should be checked to ensure they are immune

Glandular Fever

14-40

Not known

While unwell

INCUBATION AND EXCLUSION PERIODS OF SOME INFECTIOUS DISEASES

During acute phase

While unwell

Hygiene is important May be excreted in stools for several weeks

Very infectious until treated

Until 48 hrs of treatment completed

From 7-14 days before, to 7 days after onset of jaundice

Seven days from onset of jaundice

Hygiene very important, hand- washing etc must be emphasized

During acute stage and for variable time afterwards

Until symptom free

Good personal hygiene essential

Whilst harbouring lice - until treated

None

Check children’s hair - but adults may be the source

Few days before to 4 days after onset of rash

About 7 days from onset of rash

All children should be immunised

Infectious

15-50 but usually

Jaundice

about 28

Infective Diarrhoea

Variable

Lice (Head or body)

Measles

10-15

Hand, Foot And Mouth

Impetigo

3-5

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Scabies

Variable

Until mites and eggs are destroyed

24 hours after treatment

Skin itch may persist for some

Scarlet Fever (Streptococcal Throat Infection Scarletina)

1-3

If not treated, up to 21 days/usually non- infectious after 24 hrs of treatment

Until treated and feeling better

time after treatment

DISEASE

INCUBATION PERIOD(DAYS)

TIME WHEN PATIENT IS INFECTIOUS

EXCLUSION FROM SCHOOL

COMMENTS

Meningitis

Depends on type

Whilst organism is present in the nose or throat

Until recovered, usually in hospital

Treatment may be advised for close family

Mumps

14-21 but usually about 18

Mainly 2 days before onset of illness, but until 4 days after swelling subsides

Until swelling has subsided

Ringworm

Until lesions have resolved

Until at least 24 hrs of treatment complete

Personal hygiene is important

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Threadworms

Tuberculosis

Verrucae

Mainly in early catarrhal stage but until 3-4 weeks after onset of paroxysmal

If treated with antibiotics may return after 7 days if well enough

New children should not be admitted to school

cough.This may be shortened to 7 days if

during epidemic unless immunised

Whooping Cough

7-10

While worms live in the intestine. Treatment is rapid and effective

Up to 14 days after instigation of treatment

None

treated with antibiotics

Not warranted

Strict attention to hygiene is necessary

According to information from doctor

Cases should be notified to the Medical Officer for Environmental Health

Normal activities should continue

It is advisable to cover warts with an appropriate dressing or footwear and cover warts with an occlusive dressing

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