and the Balkans to southern Russia.
Urogallo Común (Tetrao urogallus) Capercaillie
Present recorded distribution
Climate response surface
The Capercaillie breeds in north European Boreal forests and central European montane forests as far south as the Cantabrians, Pyrenees and Rhodope Mountains. Beyond Europe its distribution extends east across Siberia to ca. 120° E. It prefers landscapes with mosaics of dense, old-growth coniferous forest and more open areas with berry-bearing dwarf shrubs, especially Vaccinium spp.. It uses mainly forests of Picea abies (Norway Spruce), Abies (Fir), Pinus (Pine) or Larix (Larch), although also using mixed conifer and broadleaf stands and locally (e.g. in the Cantabrians) even broadleaved