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Blue Helmets to Jerusalem - page 17 / 95

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United Nations. B. BOUNDARIES OF THE CITY The City of Jerusalem shall include the present municipality of Jerusalem plus the surrounding villages and towns, the most eastern of which shall be Abu Dis; the most southern, Bethlehem; the most western, 'Ein Karim (including also the built-up area of Motsa); and the most northern Shu'fat, as indicated on the attached sketch-map (annex B). C. STATUTE OF THE CITY The Trusteeship Council shall, within five months of the approval of the present plan, elaborate and approve a detailed statute of the City which shall contain, inter alia, the substance of the following provisions: 1. Government machinery; special objectives. The Administering Authority in discharging its administrative obligations shall pursue the following special objectives: i. To protect and to preserve the unique spiritual and religious interests located in the city of the three great monotheistic faiths throughout the world, Christian, Jewish and Moslem; to this end to ensure that order and peace, and especially religious peace, reign in Jerusalem; ii. To foster cooperation among all the inhabitants of the city in their own interests as well as in order to encourage and support the peaceful development of the mutual relations between the two Palestinian peoples throughout the Holy Land; to promote the security, well-being and any constructive measures of development of the residents having regard to the special circumstances and customs of the various peoples and communities. 2. Governor and Administrative staff. A Governor of the City of Jerusalem shall be appointed by the Trusteeship Council and shall be responsible to it. He shall be selected on the basis of special qualifications and without regard to nationality. He shall

not, however, be a citizen of either State in Palestine. The Governor shall represent the United Nations in the City and shall exercise on their behalf all powers of administration, including the conduct of external affairs. He shall be assisted by an administrative staff classed as international officers in the meaning of Article 100 of the Charter and chosen whenever practicable from the residents of the city and of the rest of Palestine on a non-discriminatory basis. A detailed plan for the organization of the administration of the city shall be submitted by the Governor to the Trusteeship Council and duly approved by it.

The partition of the territory covered by the British Palestine Mandate resulted in formation of the states of Israel and Jordan, but the internationalization of Jerusalem specified in General Assembly Resolution 181 failed to occur. Nor did any "Governor of the City of Jerusalem" representing the United Nations ever take office to run the city, as that Resolution required.

However, the United Nations continued to generate new resolutions concerning Jerusalem. In fact there have probably been more United Nations resolutions concerning Israel and Jerusalem than concerning any other nation or region in the world. At last count, there were well over three hundred U.N. General Assembly resolutions and more than fifty U.N. Security Council resolutions concerning Israel -- the vast majority of them condemning the actions of the Jewish state.

These resolutions, often referencing earlier resolutions, continue to protest Israeli control of the city. For example, Security Council Resolution 476 (1980) declares that the body is

"Reaffirming its resolutions relevant to the character and status of

the Holy City of Jerusalem, in particular resolutions 252 (1968),

267 (1969), 271 (1969), 298 (1971) and 465 (1980).

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