GUIdE To THE Major EGYPTIan fIGUrEs
In addition to the major players covered in the Egyptian family Tree (see page 6), here’s a guide to some of the other prominent figures, gods and beyond, in ancient Egyptian history.
Gods and Goddesses:
anubis—God of Funerals and Death. He is often seen painted on the walls of tombs as he was thought to protect the dead. He is shown as a jackal or wild dog.
bast—Goddess of Cats, Women, and Children. She can be both gentle and fierce. Shown as a cat-headed woman. Welcomed in Eygptian homes as the goddess of hearth and home.
ra—God of Creation. He is believed to have created the world. Falcon with the sun on his head.
sekhmet—Goddess of Medicine and War. Lionheaded goddess.
serqet—Scorpion Goddess and servant of Set
set—God of Evil, Chaos, and Darkness. Son of Geb and Nut, husband and brother to Nephthys, and brother to Osiris and Isis. He murdered his brother Osiris out of jealousy and scattered pieces of his body and plucked out the eye of Horus. Associated with the color red.
Thoth—God of Wisdom and Writing. He had two forms, the ibis and the baboon. He helped Isis bring Osiris back from the dead.
other Key figures and Places:
duat: One of the ancient names for the afterworld, the dark realm of death in Egyptian mytholog , situated west of the Nile (in later times considered to be beneath the earth). The sun passes through this place on its return journey from west to east. This underworld is represented by the hieroglyph for a star. It is here that the souls are judged by Osiris.