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CODESRIA Guide for Authors

  • Institutions, movements, denominations, political parties. Use lower case for government, church (but when part of a title capitalised,

    • e.

      g., ‘Roman Catholic Church’), state, party, volume, and so on. Watch out for distinctions between ‘Liberal and liberal’, ‘Democrat and democrat’ etc.

  • Periods, events. Iron Age, Dark Ages, but we prefer ‘colonial


  • Genera and species. Solanum tuberosum.

  • Geographical names. North, South, etc are capitalised if they are part of the title of an area or a political entity, e.g. the developed North, but not if they are part of the descriptions in general terms,

    • e.

      g. northern Ghana, ‘eastern Africa’.

  • Trade names. ‘Mercedes’, ‘Xerox’, ‘Maggi’, Kleenex.

  • Book, journal and article titles.

Indicate italic type by underlining in the manuscript. Use the underline function rather than italic if preparing on disk – the reason for this is that if it turns out that CODESRIA cannot use your disk, or the italic codes get lost in conversion, it is much easier for the typesetter to pick out underlining than italic face in the manuscript. Use underlining for titles of books, plays, films, long poems, newspapers, journals (but not articles in journals),. The extensive use of italic for emphasis should be avoided. Do not use bold except in headings.

Use full stops after abbreviations (p., Ch.,) but not after contractions or in acronyms: Dr, St, Mr, BBC, CODESRIA, USA. Note especially ed., -eds; vol., -vols; no., -nos; ch., chs; etc.

Numerals. Spell out numbers up to 99. Use numerals for exact measure- ments, e.g. ‘12 km’, and ages, e.g. ‘10 years old’; cross-references and series of quantities, e.g. ‘ten wards held 16 beds each, but fifteen others contained as many as 40’. In cases where numbers in the same paragraph or sentence fall below and above the chosen limit, use figures for both: ‘between the ages of 80 and 100’, not ‘eighty and 100’.

Spelt-out numbers such as ‘forty-one’are hyphenated. Use figures to avoid a hyphen in an already hyphenated compound: ‘42-year-old man’ not ‘forty-two-year-old man’.


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