and are therefore stateless. In 1996, the International Romani Union organised demonstrations in Berlin against the deportations of Roma by the German government. (International Romani Union, Konferenz “Perspektiven der Roma in Bosnier”, 15-16 November 1997, Tuzla-Bosnier).
Commenting on the overall discrimination of Roma in Eastern Europe James Golstein states: “The kinds of discrimination Roma face are, however, generally manifestations of practice, not of law. Europe has few ‘Jim Crow’ laws of the kind that, for many years in the United States, expressly treated African-Americans differently from whites by mandating segregation in public schools, for example. Rather, in administering, applying and interpreting rules and statures which are, on their face, racially neutral, public officials commonly treat Roma differently from -and almost invariably, worse than – racial ethnic majorities. Thus, in criminal justice systems of some countries, while no law explicitly sanctions differential treatment on the basis of race or ethnicity, reports proliferate of Roma victims and defendants suffering discriminatory treatment.” (Roma Rights newsletter, Summer, 1997).