Exchange Rate Pegs and Foreign Exchange Exposure in East and South East Asia
David Parsley Owen Graduate School of Management Vanderbilt University
Helen Popper Leavey School of Business Santa Clara University
Abstract: This paper shows that many Asia-Pacific firms are significantly exposed to foreign exchange risk. Their exposure appears to be much more widespread than is typical for the large, western industrialized economies. The paper also shows that exchange rate pegs appear to do little to alleviate this widespread exposure against currencies other than the peg. The firms studied here are most exposed to fluctuations in the U.S. dollar; the yen and euro are important in a few countries. The extent of their exchange rate exposure has varied but not diminished over the last decade. The most widespread exchange rate sensitivity (not just the most exchange rate fluctuation) occurred during the Asian Crisis period; this is evident even after accounting for the local macroeconomic conditions that affect aggregate local returns.
Acknowledgements: The authors would like to thank the Hong Kong Institute for Monetary Research, the Owen Graduate School of Management, and the Leavey School of Business for their generous support of this research.